Πέμπτη, 27 Φεβρουαρίου 2014

38. (Paragraph 12) E-Globalization of the individual the 10 basic earthly human freedoms,and direct e-democracy as a basic human right

12. E-Globalisation of the individual and direct e-democracy.
The e-globalisation of the individual is known also as the  3rd globalisation of the individual (see T. Friedman : "The world is flat" http://www.thomaslfriedman.com/bookshelf/the-world-is-flat) and as Open Source Economics (see http://blog.ted.com/2008/04/16/yochai_benkler_1/ ). There is hope in this massive participation of the individual and its consciousness in the global affairs. Here is also where the practice of personal development is important. Maybe this magnificent power of planetary-global direct e-democracy, will save the civilization from the dangers of tyranny.

We are used to say that we respect and want and have democracy as our decision making system. We should not take though in plane face value the statement that we do have democracy; In ancient Greece, from where the word democracy is adopted, they implemented democracy with various methods that included as a main technique  the 'random draw" (an experiment of randomness) so as to decide which person would take which role. This method is based on the assumption of almost equal spiritual maturity and abilities of the candidates. It was for them a very honest and strong weapon against crypto-malevolent secrete agreements, scheming, conspiracies  etc. 

If e.g. the contemporary USA democracy was to function as the ancient Greek Athenian democracy, the next should happen
1) The people are deciding by voting every week or 2 weeks (e.g. today would be through the internet) about all issues.
2) The parliament does not decide, but prepares the form of texts and laws that the people who must decide and vote weekly. The parliament is created itself by "random draw" , and services at most  for 2 years.
3) The ministers, secretary generals and governmental officials (the ancient term was Lords, Αρχοντες) are defined by "random draw" from the people, serve for one year, are trained and tested by the parliament and at the end of their serving time are audited by the parliament. In special cases such Lords are elected by voting from experts, when the responsibilities require considerable expertise. 
4) The senate which is a long-term instrument, is also elected by "random draw" from people who have serviced in the past as Lords, and is focusing on long-term issues of the state.
5) There are no political parties, and indirect representation of people's will. 


 If a company was to have a democracy, of the original form as in the Athenian Democracy in Ancient Greece then
1) The meeting of the shareholders, which is identical with the group of personnel or employees of the company  votes every week and decides for all matters. (corresponds to people, or Εκκλησια του Δημου)
2) The Board of Consultants is elected by "random draw" from the shareholders (employees)  and serves for one year. It does not decide but prepares the written form of decisions for the weekly voting of the shareholders (employees) . (corresponds to the parliament, Βουλη)
3) The senior managers  are elected by "random draw" from the shareholders (employees) , or is elected from subgroups of the shareholders (employees)  with special expertise. It serves for limited time, e.g. one year. (corresponds to the ministers, secretary generals, governmental officials, Αρχοντες)
4) There is also the board of the top managers who are again elected by "random draw" from the shareholders that have served in the past as senior managers  of the company. They role is to address the long term and more important issues of the company. They serve for much longer than one year. (Corresponds to the Αρειος Παγος)

We hardly use any such methods in what we call democracy in the present times, with the excuse, that it may not be under the principle of meritocracyNeverthless it may be the case that we might need such techniques of ancient Greece, more than ever.  There are may types of modes of the democracy, for small, medium or large population size communities or societies. Direct democracy, indirect, with voting, with random draw (experiment of luck) or not etc. What is more important is not only the "how" of the democracy but also the "why" of the democracy; I other words what was the real intention of those that introduced and practiced democracy, because this means that we may need to invent new modes of democracy, suitable for our situation while keeping the basic spirit and intentions of democracy. Transparency, trust and accountability are of paramount importance, as  long as they are  not abused and used in a regressive and harmful way rather than progressive way.

The "why" of the methods of democracy, include
1) The methods and "how" of democracy are derived from the requirement that the decision making and action, should be the best for both the collective group and each individual person simultenously (a win-win case). Neither above the other. (While e.g, in war and military organizations the collective group is put more often above the life of a single soldier).
2) The principle of equivalence of each person with no exceptions, as far as his right of expression, and weight  of partcipation in decision making.
3) Direct democracy is based on the principle that each person is directly involved in the decision making. The internet might one day contribute to the ideal of direct democracy again.
4) Indirect democracy has being claimed in the past to be  almost unavoidable due to the sizes of the populations. But today the abilities of e-government through the internet pose not anymore such restrictions. Indirect representation is kept in as few steps as possible, to avoid loss of confidence and exactness of the choices and the will of each citizen.

Any establishment of a World Government , BEFORE the establishment of a planetary direct e-democracy, and before the establishment of a planetary Parliament is obviously a planetary dictatorship. 




The more advanced is a civilization the less the inequalities of technology, living standards and political power of humans.
But all changes follow not by direct external social forced revolutions, but only after sufficient evolution of the souls of the individuals and the collective, so that the responsibility of the common good is active in each one, and not manipulated by a minority of usurpers of it (Governments, political parties, money oligarchy,etc as e.g. in the ex Soviet Union or current societies).
The current economic inequalities are less than 20% a reflection of the meritocracy of the having ones versus the non-having ones, and more than 80% a result of the law of activities "money attracts more money". In other words, economic inequalities, it is one of the basic properties of money and the "free-market" game of private property. Economic inequalities do apply automatically a deadly, negative , massive scale, destructive will, in the population, unless there is an effort to reduce and eliminate them.
The 4 different powers in a society seem to be
1) The political (which is supposed to be egalitarian)
2) The economic (which is an oligarchy, of the statistical shape of power or Pareto statistical distribution, with the 20/80 rule)
3) The military power (which is a hierarchy)
4) The power of the church (religious power, which is again a hierarchy)
A society suffers whenever the political egalitarian power serves any of the other oligarchic and hierarchical powers and not the converse.


AS IT IS KNOWN THE HISTORICAL SOCIALISM (FORMER SOVIET UNION ETC.) HAD THE ADVANTAGE OF REDUCED (ECONOMIC) INEQUALITIES BUT  THE DISADVANTAGE OF LIMITED  FREEDOMS OF THE INDIVIDUAL.

AS IT IS  KNOWN THE HISTORICAL CAPITALISM (WESTERN EUROPE, USA ETC.) HAD THE ADVANTAGE OF MORE FREEDOMS OF THE INDIVIDUAL, BUT THE DISADVANTAGE OF  LARGE (ECONOMIC) INEQUALITIES.



THE DIRECT DEMOCRACY, CAN COMBINE BOTH ADVANTAGES ,  THE MORE FREEDOMS OF THE INDIVIDUAL (BECAUSE IT IS IN THE HANDS OF THE MAJORITY TO THE TAKE SUCH A DECISION) AND ALSO  REDUCED (ECONOMIC) INEQUALITIES (BECAUSE IT IS IN THE HANDS OF MAJORITY TO THE TAKE SUCH A DECISION TOO) THERE IS NO WARRANTY THAT THE MAJORITY IS MATURE ENOUGH TO TAKE TO THE SUCH A DECISION TO COMBINE THE ADVANTAGES BUT IT IS FEASIBLE.

HERE IS A MODERN REVOLUTION IN THE WAY THAT SOCIETY COMBINES THE SERVICES OF THE CITIZENS THAT RETURN TO THE CITIZENS : COLLABORATION VS INSTITUTIONS 


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V9Ei50c2c1I
  
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y5W45Va0cPE

http://thomaslagrua.wordpress.com/2014/03/16/the-delusion-of-representative-democracy/

The description of the next group, about direct democracy, gives a detailed explenation why, direct democracy is a basic human right. 

https://www.facebook.com/groups/331144230301729/


I copy and put here a quote  from a blog that I like.






THE 10 BASIC EARTHLY HUMAN FREEDOMS


1. FREEDOM FROM BEING IN ECONOMIC WANT.


Every man has a right to be free from economic want of survival, from the birth until old age, regardless of working conditions. Every man is entitled equally to the cultural heritage of knowledge, of methods for health therapies, of goods services and technological achievements for survival (food, clothing, health care, education, house, transport, etc.). This of course means the basic survival allowance at all ages.

No economic oligarchy or those that “have” have any right to manipulate the majority and tose that “do not have” through the need of survival.

2. FREEDOM FROM CRIMES , WAR AND INJUSTICE.

Not all people have good intentions for their fellowmen, and society, and thus there exist crime. Unfortunately economic inequalities create crimes. It must be tried through political and social institutions (taxes, benefits, etc.) not only reduced economic inequalities but create a system of essential and not only formal bureaucratic justice that protects every citizen or groups of citizens from injustice and crime. This includes the military defense against external enemy and criminal invasions.

3. FREEDOM OF THE HUMANS FROM THE VIOLENCE OF NATURE and those of the ways of natural life which are not in accordance with human soul consciousness and human spirit.
The cycle of blood and death, from animal to animal for food survival is something that for millennia man has tries to escape, and to shift from the jungle to a human society with mutual respect human rules, and laws with positive empathy, mercy, compassion, etc. This violence may still indirectly continue i in society, but to the extent that society is not a jungle, this means also that it is evolved. Man is looking iside him in order to find the way of mental, spiritual and cultural development and not necessarily in the ways of the visible biological life.
4. FREEDOM FROM ILLNESSES AND ARTIFICIAL GENETIC MANIPULATION.
Culture and psychic and scientific knowledge normally , develops so that increasingly releases each person from death and disease. It can not be accepted anywhere a hidden oligarchic scientific, genetic manipulationof the masses , in the past, present or future, of the human civilization from hidden groups, to another human civilization or society, (e.g. artificial viruses, falsification of DNA, artificial diseases and biological weapons, etc.) so as to exercise control, servitude, biological degradation, and manipulation.
5. FREEDOM OF THE SEX, COUPLES LOVE AND PARENTAL LOVE FROM violence, indirect slavery, envy, malignancy, lies, deceit, hypocrisy, manipulation and ulterior motives.
Love is a paramount experience, and must be protected.
The man should be morally and emotionally free. 
6. MORAL AND EMOTIONAL FREEDOM.
There is no more dangerous and insidious slavery of man by that from his manipulation by his emotions, desires and his weaknesses. .The emotional and moral world and how each person feels for himself, his actions and choices, that does not infringe the freedom of other people, it is perfectly within the individual's freedom of will, and not subject to control by others without mutual consent . Nor is it legitimate a direct or indirect moral emotional manipulation of the individual.
7. FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION AND CREATIVITY.
People should have the freedom of speech, oral and written, and the creative freedom of artistic expression, provided they do not violate the freedom of other people. This freedom is also directly correlated with cognitive and intellectual freedom.
8. COGNITIVE AND INTELLECTUAL FREEDOM.
No minority organization either with good or evil purposes has no right to hide from humanity, evidence from the human history, or of the history of life on earth, or observational results of natural phenomena, experimental results, or data related to the morphology of the planet internally or externally , or of other celestial bodies. Data on the knowledge of man, life, and physical reality, should not be hidden in order to retain the ignorance of the masses for easier manipulation and servitude, or for use of hidden knowledge at the expense of the many. Prohibiting research and knowledge, with different excuses is unacceptable. But also this knowledge and technology must not to be use against humans, or the life on the planet itself that humanity resides.
9. POLITICAL-SOCIAL FREEDOM OF (DIRECT) DEMOCRATIC SELF-GOVERNMENT.
Societies have the inalienable right to social democratic political self-governance. It is known that the most perfect form of democracy is direct democracy, which in today's society of information and the internet, is easily feasible.
Forms of hidden oligarchies, whether of financial, or of technological nature, or other form of power that consider humanity being of two speeds, is incompatible with this principle. Humanity should not be a 2-speed civilization ie a split in to a) to the masses who have to stay in ignorance, underdevelopment, and defective, without true freedom but a fraudulently imposed illusion of freedom, and b) in a tiny minority with abundance of issued money and high hidden technology, which is not a product of discoveries of the mankind, and that this minority secretly seeks to despise, dominate, manipulate and oppress as a parasite a "sinful" majority. Cultures with such polarization, it seems to have a low rate of evolution and are usually doomed to periodic partial or total self-destruction.
10. SPIRITUAL AND METAPHYSICAL FREEDOM. 
Man should be free from spiritual and metaphysical systematic control and alienation and must seek the moral and spiritual truth and development within him and the humanity that he lives.
We need to seek the creation of ourself, as perception and experience, inside us and inside the human society we are living.
Not everything from the teaches of the different religions are lies or worthless, but it should be understood that religions are not the monopoly of any source of morality and virtue, and every metaphysical superiority.
Nor should religions become the vehicle, of oligarchic, moral and spiritual manipulation of the masses (violating religious freedom principles and freedom of the will, etc.) or indirect influence for such respective finally manipulation of the masses by social, non-religious hidden or not, authority minorities, and oligarchies.





We may have to remind to  ourselves, in this economic crisis, the basic operating principles of the current societies.

THE BASIC PRINCIPLES OF THE CURRENT  HUMAN SOCIETIES

"The reality of the experience of life, is based on a system of spiritual and perhaps subconscious (implicit) or  explicit beliefs. Changing these beliefs will result in changing our reality and changing our fate. "

1) THE PRINCIPLE OF THE FREEDOMS OF THE INDIVIDUAL 
    This principle is crucial, as it determines that the society is to function without violating civil liberties. The seven basic personal freedoms are
1.1) The spiritual freedom (freedom of religion)
1.2) H freedom of political decision (Democracy, or rather direct-democracy)
1.3) The   freedom of he creative-expressions (freedom of speech)
1.4) The moral freedom (freedom from fear)
1.5) Economic freedom (freedom from  want)
1.6) The physical freedom (actions, activities).
1.7) The freedom of private property (having).

(Here Roosevelt is stating 4 of the essential freedoms
https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=5iHKtrirjlY)
         
        2) THE PRINCIPLE OF  EQUALITY (democracy) and INEQUALITY (money).
          Because of 7th individual freedom of private property, it is necessary the use of some form of money (not necessarily banking money). It is the nature of money and of the free market to create economic inequalities. If there was no private property, then we would not need to use some form of money and the economic and living standards inequalities  would not be inevitable. Only political power , especially direct democracy can  tame and reduce economic inequalities. Not the oligarchic economic power itself. Inequalities in society (economic, authoritarian, other social power etc.) is a source of misery, unhappiness, crime, lack of trust, mental illness, etc. The current social  inequalities are not identical with the actual psychic  meritocracy. A society with many inequalities has slower evolution  and is a less advanced civilization, compared to  a society with fewer inequalities. E.g. the killing capacity inequalities for survival in the jungle is a system of most slow collective evolution. From this principle it follows, that a monarchical or oligarchic society evolves more slowly than a democratic society. And   at least for this reason democracy  is preferred. Money and the economic power, can not unite people and bring prosperity, because it is in the nature of money to create  inequalities. The political power, particularly of direct democracy can tame and control  the economic inequalities with laws and institutions and bring more justice. The principle of equality applies also on to that all citizens are equal as far as the laws are concerned.

     
       3) PRINCIPLE OF SOLIDARITY-BROTHERHOOD
         This principle suggests that the primary treatment of each of our fellow man is positive and not negative. The morality of  mercy, compassion, and positive empathy is a key element, creating equality and the ability to combine up individual talents into a collective civilization of the society, so that  conversely each person can benefit at maximum from the society.

     


       4) THE PRINCIPLE  OF THE SOCIAL POWERS AND THEIR PRIORITIES.
           The power is not only the political power i.e. the legislative and the executive, but there are very significant other powers, such as economic (private sector), military, religious, and the authorities of the function of the state (public authorities, and services, justice, police, etc. ). To these we can add the more impersonal, like th power of science and technology.
 Furthermore we may distinguish the powers to
1) From people to people
 2) From people in inorganic physical reality.
Based on the principle of equality, the second type of power is more appropriate and ideal for the humans compared with first type.
The powers have priorities and reversing these priorities can and has became a source of misery , unhappiness and crimes. E.g. The economic power (the private sector) should not take precedence and override the political power, or the political power to succumb and bend in front of the oligarchic economic power. Political power has the top priority among all. Money and the economic power, can not unite people and bring prosperity, because it is in the nature of money to create inequalities. The political power, particularly that of the direct democracy can tame and control  the economic inequalities with laws and institutions and bring more justice.
BUT every form of power, and the political also,  exists so as to serve  the human  (immortal) soul and its evolution. Power is not an end in itself.
   

       5) THE PRINCIPLE OF CONSISTENCY (Justice, education etc.)
           Society would be neither serious nor viable, if it did not practice  the principle of consistency. This means does not mean only that law should be enforced with  justice. E.g. in education, the principle of consistency means that, all the knowledge that is essential and crucial  for the survival of the civilization, must pass across the totality of the new generation. Not only the basic and elementary knowledge while the rest and more advanced to  a minority only. This maximizes survivability and the successful continuation of the civilization.

       6) THE PRINCIPLE OF PARTICIPATION.
    According to this principle, every individual has not only rights in society but also obligations. The basic obligation of each person which is also a virtue, is the participation in society and its functions. The person should tend to be social. Each individual is offering to the society according to his abilities, and is receiving from the society according to his needs. On the other hand, this principle, pushes the society to participate in wider sets of other societies, based always on the respect of the above principles.

7) THE PRINCIPLE OF THE SIMILARITY OF SCALE AND SUBSIDIARITY.

According to this principle, the small organizations (municipalities, local government, enterprises, universities, etc.) should tend to operate, in decision making, as the political democratic decision-making in the large scale public sector, and not vice versa.
The large scale, undertakes to decide only what the small scale is not in a position  to decide (subsidiarity). The larger the size of a society, the greater the opportunities, of a common person, to benefit  during the mortal life  from the society more than  what  he himself is able to offer to the society.